A historical account of past downturns and recoveries can present a better picture of potential market performance. There have been many U.S. equity market downturns over time, with varying levels of severity and differing lengths of recovery. The most severe downturn marked the start of the Great Depression, when stocks lost over 80% of their value. In this case, the recovery period was over 12 years. More recently, stocks lost 44.7% of their value during the early-2000s bear market. This recovery period, lasting four years, was the second-longest in history. Stocks lost 50.9% during the recent 2007–09 bear market; this downturn lasted for 16 months, and the stock market recovered after 37 months, in March 2012. It is evident that stocks are prone to sudden declines in value. Because no one can predict market declines with certainty, a diversified portfolio may be the best solution for a long–term investor who is concerned about both return and risk.
Note: Returns and principal invested in stocks are not guaranteed. Diversification does not eliminate the risk of investment losses.
About the dataLarge stocks are represented by the Ibbotson® Large Company Stock Index. Downturns in this example are defined by a time period when the stock market declined by 10% or more from its peak, while the recovery period indicates the number of months from the trough of the downturn to the market’s previous peak. An investment cannot be made directly in an index. The data assumes reinvestment of all income and does not account for taxes or transaction costs.